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schema:Thing > schema:Intangible > schema:ItemList > schema:BreadcrumbList

A BreadcrumbList is an ItemList consisting of a chain of linked Web pages, typically described using at least their URL and their name, ending with the current page.
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from schema:ItemList
schema:itemListElement schema:Text  or
schema:Thing  or
For itemListElement values, you can use simple strings (e.g. "Peter", "Paul", "Mary"), existing entities, or use ListItem.

Text values are best if the elements in the list are plain strings. Existing entities are best for a simple, unordered list of existing things in your data. ListItem is used with ordered lists when you want to provide additional context about the element in that list or when the same item might be in different places in different lists.

Note: The order of elements in your mark-up is not sufficient for indicating the order or elements. Use ListItem with a 'position' property in such cases.
schema:itemListOrder schema:ItemListOrderType  or
Type of ordering (e.g. Ascending, Descending, Unordered).
schema:numberOfItems schema:Number The number of items in an ItemList. Note that some descriptions might not full describe all items in a list (e.g. multi-page pagination).
Properties from schema:Thing
schema:additionalType schema:URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
schema:alternateName schema:Text An alias for the item.
schema:description schema:Text A short description of the item.
schema:image schema:ImageObject  or
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
schema:name schema:Text The name of the item.
schema:potentialAction schema:Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
schema:sameAs schema:URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
schema:url schema:URL URL of the item.

Instances of schema:BreadcrumbList may appear as values for the following properties
PropertyOn TypesDescription
schema:breadcrumb schema:WebPage A set of links that can help a user understand and navigate a website hierarchy.

Prefixes used:

  • schema: http://schema.org/
  • Examples

        <a href="https://example.com/dresses">Dresses</a>
    › <li>
        <a href="https://example.com/dresses/real">Real Dresses</a>
    <ol itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/BreadcrumbList">
      <li itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope
        <a itemprop="item" href="https://example.com/dresses">
        <span itemprop="name">Dresses</span></a>
        <meta itemprop="position" content="1" />
    › <li itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope
        <a itemprop="item" href="https://example.com/dresses/real">
        <span itemprop="name">Real Dresses</span></a>
        <meta itemprop="position" content="2" />
    <ol vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="BreadcrumbList">
      <li property="itemListElement" typeof="ListItem">
        <a property="item" typeof="WebPage" href="https://example.com/dresses">
         <span property="name">Dresses</span></a>
         <meta property="position" content="1">
    › <li property="itemListElement" typeof="ListItem">
        <a property="item" typeof="WebPage" href="https://example.com/dresses/real">
        <span property="name">Real Dresses</span></a>
        <meta property="position" content="2">
    <script type="application/ld+json>
     "@context": "http://schema.org",
     "@type": "BreadcrumbList",
       "@type": "ListItem",
       "position": 1,
        "@id": "https://example.com/dresses",
        "name": "Dresses"
       "@type": "ListItem",
      "position": 2,
         "@id": "https://example.com/dresses/real",
         "name": "Real Dresses"

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